How Do Bank Mergers Affect Consumers?

Bank Mergers

The banking sector, either directly or indirectly, plays the most vital role in every consumer’s life. The banking sector must undergo structural reforms to address the problem of non-performing assets (NPAs), outstanding loans and structural asset-liability mismatch. In light of this – the central governments and State Governments begin the process of reorganizing public sector banks.

For Instance – Nirmala Sitaraman, the Finance Minister of India, announced the merging of ten Governments of India’s undertaking banks into four mega-banks in 2019. After the Merger – there will be 12 public sector banks, down from 18 previously.

However, owing to the economic lockdown, the government’s effort to recapitalize public sector banks could be severely hampered as bad loans increase and credit quality deteriorates.

What’s a Bank Fusion?

India is not new to the idea of bank mergers. As a way to improve the financial sector, banks have merged in the past. Consolidating banks will not only help achieve financial inclusion but also increase NPA and improve risk management.

The Merger would also increase the importance of market and internal resources. Public Sector Banks will therefore be less dependent upon the government for capital.

Mergers are usually a combination of the owners of several separate businesses through various legal and administrative steps. The combination can lead to greater competitiveness as well as economies of scale. Furthermore, a company’s wealth, service diversification, and market share are all increased. Bank mergers are the process of combining two or more banks that were previously separate into one entity. When a bank merges, an independent bank is stripped of its charter. It becomes part of an established bank under one umbrella.

What Happens to a Bank’s Stocks After a Bank Merger?

The impact of a merger announcement on banking sector stocks in India will vary depending on the deal’s terms, as well as market opinions of the transaction’s worth and the likelihood of completion.

The exchange ratio determines whether one firm would be paid a premium over its share price prior to the announcement of the Merger. That company’s stock may grow, but that rise could be limited if the stock price of its merger partner falls, diminishing the original premium.

One option for mergers is to include a collar agreement which increases the exchange ratio in case the stock that will be swapped falls below certain levels. This helps limit the possibility of the stock price falling. Collars like these limit one company’s downside at the expense of its merger partner and that company’s stockholders, but they’re less prevalent in mergers of equals or near-equals.

The proposed merger premium may be discounted by the market if there are significant roadblocks to the deal, such as regulatory approval. Investors may be tempted to buy shares above the suggested merger premium, if they believe that new suitors will offer higher prices.

When a firm announces that it will acquire another, the target company’s stock often rises (approaching the takeover price), while the acquiring company’s stock may fall slightly to account for the purchase price. If the market perceives a merger to provide synergies that benefit both the acquirer and the target, both companies’ stock prices may rise. The market may view the deal as absurd and cause both stocks to plummet.

Why do banks need mergers?

  • In recent years – Our country’s banking system has faced numerous issues. Here are the reasons why a merger in banking is necessary:
  • The growing role of PSBs in providing loans to farmers, capital-intensive riskier sectors like steel and cement, and regular loan waivers by the government are wreaking havoc on India’s credit culture.
  • Bank industry is concerned by non-performing assets. The distribution of bank credits has been significantly affected by it.
  • India’s poor economic predicament has been exacerbated by the twin balance sheet problem. The term “dual balance sheet problem” describes the strain on a bank’s balance sheet caused by non-performing assets (NPAs) on the one hand and severely indebted corporates on the other.
  • Other challenges such as long project gestation periods, a lack of timely environmental approval for projects, a lack of adequate business analysis prior to loan disbursement, and the country’s poor debt recovery architecture exacerbate PSB problems.
  • It is very worrying to see political interference in PSB operations. This affects bank efficiency.

Banks must address these risks if they want to increase their capital base. One way is to do this by merging and buying other banks. Bank mergers are one of the solutions to the problems in the Indian banking sector.

How do you deal with a bank that has been acquired?

Bank mergers shouldn’t be a concern for customers with mortgages or CDs. The terms and rates of CDs will not change unless federal regulators forbid a bank from merging.

CDs are contracts with fixed rates. It’s a legal obligation that comes with a purchase. They can’t terminate the contract in the middle of it. The same applies to mortgages. A merger does not affect your agreement with the previous bank. All of these legal obligations will be transferred to the acquiring Bank.

Banks often merge to expand their geographical and customer reach. Banks would rather keep their customers than lose them. This is a key point to remember if there are any problems during the merger. Existing accounts and products will often remain unchanged as long as an agreement’s conditions remain in effect.

Mergers are a great time to think about whether it’s best to change banks, or to look for one that allows you create new accounts and spread out your money so you have more protection.

Consider what’s important to you, whether it’s branch access, competitive APYs, a diverse product offering, a feature-rich mobile app, or a worldwide bank versus a community bank. Check out the charges and minimum balance requirements.


Consumers will be affected by bank mergers – that is a given. Expect new bank routing numbers, account numbers, fees changes, and many other effects. You need to keep an eye out for these changes and make informed decisions.

What Does Bank Mergers Mean for Consumers? Entrepreneurship Life first published this post.

Related Posts